Court orders police off Egypt campuses
(AFP) – 23 October, 2010
CAIRO — An Egyptian court issued a final ruling on Saturday against the permanent presence of police on university campuses, saying they restricted academic independence.
The administrative court upheld a lower court's ruling against the interior ministry units, which was appealed by the prime minister and the interior minister.
A judicial source said judge Mohammed Abdel Ghani found that "the permanent presence of interior ministry police units in the midst of campus security reduced the independence of universities guaranteed by the constitution."
It ruled that security duties on campus should be the responsibility of the education ministry.
The lower court had issued its decision after a group of professors demanded in 2008 that the interior ministry withdraw its units from campuses, accusing them of intervening in academic and student affairs.
Egypt has been under a continuous state of emergency since Islamist militants assassinated president Anwar Sadat in 1981, giving the interior ministry broad powers of arrest and detention.
The government said earlier this year it would restrict the emergency law to terrorism and narcotics cases.
Egypt court bars police from campus
23 Oct 2010
Verdict ending police presence in universities is hailed, but government may use emergency powers to circumvent it.
Egypt's supreme court has ordered the government to ban police officers from university campuses.
Saturday's ruling came after the high court rejected a government appeal against an earlier ruling which declared the permanent presence of police inside Egyptian universities as "unconstitutional".
The case was brought against the government two years ago by a group of professors, campaigning for the independence of academic institutions.
They are also part of a broad coalition of activists who are opposed to the rule of Hosni Mubarak, the Egyptian president, who has been in power for more than 30 years.
The court ruling is final, but the government may still use emergency powers, as it has done in the past, to circumvent the law.
Both students and professors complain of intense and continuous interference by police officers in all aspects of university life, including academic affairs.
Rights groups have long criticised the presence of police on campuses, saying its sole purpose was to prevent students from engaging in politics.
The Daily News Egypt newspaper has reported that individuals competing in the recently-held student union elections were "vetted" by security groups.
Police officers controlled access to the campus and could deny entry to visitors and the media.
Layla Soueif, a professor at Cairo University, told Al Jazeera the ruling is "definitely a positive development".
"The ruling brings an end to repression and abuse," she said.
The presence of police at universities is often used to suppress political protests organised by students affiliated to the opposition Muslim Brotherhood and other leftist groups.
"The university guards are very disliked - and they have a history of beating up students during protests. And because this case has been an ongoing one, a lot of students and faculty across the country are happy its finally out," Soueif said.
*Source: Al Jazeera and agencies